Marunda’s History: After Mangroves Come Homes, Factories, and Pollution


Marunda Beach is in poor condition. Besides being dirty, this area is also in danger of being swallowed by sea water.

Marunda Beach is different from the beaches in general which have a wide expanse of sand. This beach offers views of factories and cargo ships that can be enjoyed from the breakwater embankment.

When visiting there, a traveler will find a mangrove area whose number is not proportional to the vastness of the ocean. Travelers will also find people’s houses and even cultural heritages such as the Si Pitung House and the Al Alam Marunda Mosque which stand behind the embankment.

The condition of this beach is certainly much different from the beach that a traveler imagines. The sea water is dirty, polluted with sewage and garbage that ends up there.

This condition looks sad. Whereas in the past, Marunda Beach had been a prima donna for coastal communities.

Marunda BeachMarunda Beach. Photo: Putu Intan/detikcom

detikTravel had time to listen to the nostalgic story from Ruwinda, one of the residents who has lived in Marunda for half a decade. Ruwinda said, formerly Marunda Beach also had clean sand that could be enjoyed for tourism.

“When I was little, I used to pick up snails in the sand to sell,” he recalls.

At that time around the 1970-1980s, Ruwinda had to take a boat if she wanted to go to Marunda Beach. He will pass through mangrove forests and ponds owned by residents.

“In the past, there were a lot of mangroves. This used to be forest. But the mangroves were cut to become residential land,” he said.

“In the past, many mangrove trees were cut down, but now there are frequent tidal floods, they are planted again. But still not as many as before,” he added.

Marunda BeachMarunda Beach. Photo: Pradita Utama/detikcom

No doubt the loss of mangrove forests on Marunda Beach makes the place often hit by tidal floods. Coastal abrasion that has occurred over the last 50 years has eroded the shoreline. The condition was exacerbated by sand mining which was also carried out there.

Currently, Marunda is better known as a densely populated area. There stood a number of flats (flats) and factories.

This land conversion makes the Marunda area more prone to sinking. The reason is that there are no more mangroves that line up fortifying the waves of the sea. Likewise with massive groundwater extraction activities due to the dense population, causing land subsidence.

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